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Home | Interview Database

Interviews: Calamity-Seattle

Summary:

Entries

99

Date

Feb 17th, 2016

Location

Seattle, WA

TourCon

Calamity

Links

Calamity-Seattle

  • 1

    Question

    [paraphrased] I have Aspergers, and when I read Bands of Mourning, for the first time I could really identify with a character [Steris]. What kind of research did you do when writing her?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I have several people in my life who have Aspergers, specifically, and they were a huge resource, as you might imagine. One of the things I like to do in my fiction is to try and get people who are heroic who have different types of psychology than what you normally see in heroes. The more Iíve lived in life, the more I realize that we all are really distinctive in our own way and our psychology all works differently. And yet we see a lot of heroes who have the same brain chemistry, it seems, and thatís always felt really weird to me. So one of my mandates has been to do that [vary charactersí psychology.]
    So what kind of research did I do? When I was in college, one of my favorite things to do was sneak into classes I wasnít signed up for. And the psychology classes were my favorite. And this friendóthis is coincidentalówho wanted to be a chef actually got a psychology major. His parents were like ďYou should do something useful with your life,Ē so he got a psychology major. He ended up going to med school; he didnít become a chef. He went to med school and he likes that too. [Note: Brandon talked about this friend during the first part of the signing.] I would sneak into his classes, and they were so useful as a writer. Just to look at the different [neuro]types and to start to see personality not asÖ We like to look at a lot of things as normal or abnormal, and thatís not the way it is. Everyoneís personality is on a spectrum, and what is normal and what is abnormal is completely a matter of perspective. Where you stand on this line. Itís trying to make a value judgment that shouldnít really exist. So itís coming to see personality as these swaths of interesting color is what the psychology classes taught me.
    I did do some specific research for Steris, and then I looked and I interviewed people as well.
    Iím glad that you picked up on it without me ever having to say who she was and things like that. Thatís when I really feel like Iíve nailed something, when you can look at in and say, ďYeah, this is who this person is,Ē instead of someone pointing from the outside and saying who this person is or what they are.

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  • 2

    Question

    I listen to your podcast, Writing Excuses, and youíve been this year breaking down stories into different parts. Was Bands of Mourning was your attempt to write a pulp novel?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Actually, all of the Wax and Wayne books are a harkening back to classic serials of old novels. Itís interesting looking back at that. I kind of pitched those books to myself as Mistborn the television show, or the action serial. The other ones were the epic fantasy, these were the action serials, and I did try to kind of vary the genre. The first one is straight up detective novel, the second oneís a psychological thriller, and the third one is classic serial adventure story. That was very intentional. It was me trying to take different tones and mash them up with different stories and see what comes out.

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  • 3

    Question

    [paraphrased] Your magic systems are all very detailed and internally consistent. To what extent do you come up with the world and then write a story within it, versus building the world to fit the story?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The answer is, ďYes.Ē Which is one of those unsatisfying authorly answers. It depends on the story. Like for instance with the Wax and Wayne books, I already had the world built, so in that Iím building a story around a setting that already existed. With the Reckoners, what happened is I had the idea for people who gained superpowers all going evil, and that concept spun me into building a story about it. So thatís more of an idea that spins a story rather than a setting. Sometimes Iíve had a character Iíve really wanted to tell a story about, like Raoden or something like this, and then I build magic to match. It happens all different ways, and really itís a give and a take. Once you start with a character, you start building a story around them, and then you stop and you work on the magic for a while, then you go back to the character and then you go back to the magic and then you go to the setting and then you go to the plot. As you build an outline you weave all these things together. Youíre not just spending time on one till itís done and then the next until itís done. Itís happened all different ways for me.

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  • 4

    Question

    Is there any connection between Odium and Trell?

    Brandon Sanderson

    [Brandon hems and haws for a moment.] UmÖyes, there is some connection. Thatís a question where if you understood it then great, if you didnít then donít worry.

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  • 5

    Question

    Do you have any ideas for characters in different stories meeting each other?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes I do. Youíll see a bunch of that. And if you havenít seen the little behind-the-scenes Mistborn novella, Secret History, which is ebook only right now. The print edition will come out in the fall. That involves characters from different stories meeting each other.

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  • 6

    Question

    As a writer whoís written a lot, do you still struggle with some aspects of writing, like your punctuation still sucks or something?

    Brandon Sanderson

    My biggest weakness as a writer is repeating words and phrases, which is a very common thing for writers to have. There are people like Pat Rothfuss who donít have this problem. Because they slave over every sentence. For years. [audience laughs] You know I love him. The way I deal with it is to highlight the ones I struggle with a lot, and have my assistant look for them. Then do a search and replace in Microsoft Word for the word but with brackets around it, so it leaves the same word it just brackets it so I can decide, do I really want that word, or did I just use it because thatís what I always use. The other big thing as a writer is I still donít like revision. I want to be writing a new story, not revising an old one. Fortunately, this is a battle revision won like twenty years ago. More like fifteen. But Iíve gotten used to how I have to do it. When is the book done, and the number of drafts it requires. So I do it, even though, you knowÖ

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  • 7

    Question

    With as many novels as youíve written, do you have an assistant or a system you use to remember everything?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes I do. What I use is a wiki. I use a personal wiki, just like Wikipedia. I use an open-source software called wikidpad. I have someone whose job it is to read my books after I write them, go make all of those notes into the wiki with page references so I can look them all up in the book. They have a very fun yet tedious job.

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  • 8

    Question

    What level of completion do you write your novels to before you send them to your editor?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Hereís a quick look at my drafting process: Draft one, hopefully no one ever sees. Iím a momentum writer. A lot of writers are like this. I canít stop in the middle and revise unless something is really broken. If thereís something I want to change, I just keep going and try it out for the next chapter. So if I decide I needed another character here, I will just write them in and everyone will act like theyíve always been there. Iíll try it out for a chapter. If it works, Iíll keep going that way, and if it doesnít, Iíll cut them out and try something different. So first drafts can be really weird. ďAm I supposed to know this person everyone else knows? Have I forgotten who this was?Ē And things like that. Characters just vanish, and Iíll leave out the foreshadowingóforeshadowing is really easy to add in later. Things like this. Second draft is to fix all of that stuff. I can sometimes send that off, but what I really like to send off is the third draft, which is the first polished. Where for the first time I try to make it pretty, or at least not cringe-worthy. So thatís what I send to an editor. Thatís also what I send to alpha readers, which is my writing group, my agent, my friends and family and things like that. Once that gets back, I do a bunch of revisions until itís good, and then we get beta readers, which are usually community beta readers. If you want to be a beta reader, Iím not the person to convince, Peter is. Heís my editorial assistant. Heís the one who picks the betas, and they do a bunch of reads, and I do a bunch of drafts based on what they say, and then I go to proofreaders.

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  • 9

    Question

    [Note: This question was asked by a young boy sitting near the front.] So for the Stormlight Archive seriesĖ

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Stormlight Archive? How old are you? [audience laughter]

    Question

    Nine?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Nine? And youíre reading the Stormlight Archive? [loud cheering]

    Question

    So the character Lift, with her powers, why does she only have to eat food instead of sucking in stormlight?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So Lift is a really weird one. She visited the Old Magic and asked something very strange, and the Old Magic didnít know how to treat that, and so answered with something equally strange. So you will actually see what happened with Lift and things like that, but suffice it to say some really weird things are going on.

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  • 10

    Question

    I wanted to say that I admire that your characters are people first, and not gender first. But I wanted to ask you, does anyone call you Branderson?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, it is starting to catch on. I donít know if it would be my first choice, but I will accept Branderson as opposed toÖ if people called me BS.

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  • 11

    Question

    If you took an allomancer and stuck them in another one of your worlds, could they still burn metal there?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes they could.

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  • 12

    Question

    With all the characters that you design, and you just said how you put a character in and see if it works, are there any characters that you keep on a backlog and try to mix and see if they fit?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Totally. What I have is this notes file, literally called ďCool stuff that I need to use sometime.Ē And itís like when I see something in the news or I meet a person and say, ďI need to use that someday.Ē It can be years before I end up sticking them in. Thereís a cool example of something like this that I finally managed to stick in years later. It happens all the time. Iíll try to think of it, so when you come through the line ask me and Iíll try to remember.

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  • 13

    Question

    In the Wax and Wayne series, how do you come up with all of Wayneís little wisecracks?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So hereís the deal. Itís kinda hard to write people who are more clever than you are. Itís one of the tricks you have to learn as a writer. The big difference, they do it off the cuff in the moment, and you can spend a week or two trying to find the perfect thing to say, and thatís really how it goes. Oftentimes the characters who are more humorous, like Wayneís a great example. Itís very natural how he says things; it can take me weeks to come up with like a couple of lines of dialogue for Wayne, where other things get written very quickly. My favorite Wayneisms are when I can have him use a word that looksĖwhen youíre reading along you assume itís a word, but then you go back and youíre like, ďWait a minute. Did he actually say defecation of character?Ē Or something like that. So you donít even notice on the first read through. The things that a copy editorís like, ďYou used the wrong word here,Ē those are my favorite Wayneisms. Those take forever.

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  • 14

    Question

    Is Dalinarís wife really dead?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is a RAFO, and you will discover it in the third book.

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  • 15

    Question

    Specifically in the Mistborn series, do you have a favorite emotional moment that you wrote?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I am and ending person, so I would say endings of various books, and endings of series in particular, are among my favorite. Iíll just leave it there.

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  • 16

    Question

    Can you tell us anything about perpendicularities?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No.

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  • 17

    Question

    Who was your favorite Mistborn character to write? Personally I hated Elend and Vin but I loved Zane.

    Brandon Sanderson

    You hated Elend and Vin and you loved ZaneÖ Um. IĖIíd probably stay away from you. [more laughter] But whoís my favorite? Picking a favorite character is almost impossible. Itís whoever youíre writing at the moment. But I kind of have a personal connection with Sazed, so Iíll say Sazed.

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  • 18

    Question

    Did the Lord Ruler ever have children?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

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  • 19

    Question

    If you starred in a buddy cop movie with Pat Rothfuss, would you be the good cop or the bad cop?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If you know anything at all about us, Iíd be the good cop and heís definitely the bad cop. Definitely. I mean, come on.

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  • 20

    Question

    Weíve seen the Cognitive Realm now on Roshar, with the spheres, and on Scadrial with the mists, but what does it look like on Nalthis and Sel?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is a big FAT RAFO.

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  • 21

    Question

    What happened with Abrahamís court marshal?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, that is backstory that is also a RAFO. Why Abraham was there is not something that he likes to talk about. Itís not that heís shy, but at the same time itís not something that he easily talks about, so I will not talk about it. I will let him someday, perhaps, talk about it.

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  • 22

    Question

    With the changes that happened to all the cities in the Reckonersólike we know there was a big war in Portlandódid you have anything specific that happened in Seattle?

    Brandon Sanderson

    UmÖyes, but I donít want to canonize any of that. Iíll save it for when Iím actually writing.

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  • 23

    Question

    What kind of Epic is Mizzy?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is another thing Iím going to save. If I do a sequel trilogyówhich I may or may not actually do after the next thingóMizzy would be the protagonist.

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  • 24

    Question

    The alternate world that we see sometimes with Megan. Did Firefight and David know each other before David died?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Firefight knows of him. But he did not know him.

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  • 25

    Question

    We were wondering who would win in a fight, a Mistborn or a Windrunner.

    Brandon Sanderson

    It would really depend on the situation. I would say the Windrunner would win on a battlefield and the Mistborn will when at sneaking around and slitting peopleís throats.

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  • 26

    Question

    So I just finished The Bands of Mourning, which was my favorite out of that series. Did you know when you were writing Alloy of Law how you were going to link this to the original, with the kandra, the bands of the Lord Ruler...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah the kandra were seeded, MeLaan you can go and look back in the original three. Like Iím going to use her in the next series, for sure. Now what I usually do is when Iím starting a series, and I did this for this one, is I will write the first book in the series. So I did this with Steelheart, I did this with the original Mistborn, I did this with Alloy of Law. I write the first book, I sit down, and say ďOkay, what worked about that, what can I expand uponĒ and then I outline the series with those characters and then go back and revise the first one to match and then I release the first one. Does that make sense?

    Question

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    So not everything do I know writing the first one but by the time Iím through the revisions I usually do.

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  • 27

    Question

    How often do your dreams ever influence your books?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Once in awhile.

    Question

    Once in awhile.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yup. [Ö] writer you have a cool dream [Ö] something there [Ö] Usually thereís not but once in awhile there really is something and it turns around in your head and eventually ends up in the books.

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  • 28

    Question

    When are we going to see Ironeyes again?

    Brandon Sanderson

    He will probably make an appearance in The Lost Metal. Iím not sure he will be back from where he is in time.

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  • 29

    Question

    Vasher/Zahel is a Returned, which means he needs Breath to live. But Breath doesnít exist--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Right.

    Question

    --on Roshar. Does he use St--

    Brandon Sanderson

    He uses Stormlight. One of the reasons-- In fact one of the primary reasons heís on Roshar is because Stormlight is so much easier to come by than Breath. And in fact researching about things like this is one of the reasons he discovered Roshar in the first place.

    Question

    So itís the same reason why Night-- the swordÖ

    Brandon Sanderson

    Nightblood.

    Question

    Yes.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The exact mechanics of how Nightblood ended up there will be explored in a future book.

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  • 30

    Question

    least favorite ďchildrenísĒ book?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Dubliners.

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  • 31

    Question

    What would happen if you went to the Nightwatcher asked for your boon to have a boon and no curse?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You wouldÖ

    Question

    Probably end up with nothing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It depends on the mood the Nightwatcher is in. When you read Book 3 of Stormlight youíll get to see a little bit of what the Nightwatcher is, and that will inform what you think about these things, okay?

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  • 32

    Question

    Why does everyone know about his [Kaladin] Stormblessed name? Like Gaz knows about it before he survives the highstorms. Like how do they know?

    Brandon Sanderson

    How do they know? The rumors were already spreading, people started talking about it and things like that.

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  • 33

    Question

    For all the spren, like the honorspren and the liespren, Iíve noticed that all of the characters, the honorspren have been girls and all the liespren have been boys. Is that just Ďcause all the people who attract liespren are girls and all the other people--

    Brandon Sanderson

    So itís not a one to one ratio of people who are more likely to attract a spren of the opposite gender.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah Iíll delve into it eventually in the books. Maybe just obliquely, but there is a reason for it.

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  • 34

    Question

    I kind of envision the Old Magic working a little bit like Hemalurgy, where some-- takes a part of the Physical DNA of the person and transmutes it onto the Cognitive DNA because everything seems to be a Cognitive shift for the person, am I thinking along the right lines?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You are thinking along very-- Yes you are thinking along the right lines. I wonít tell you exactly but you are thinking along the right lines.

    Question

    And then the curse Kelekís Breath, is that a clue as to the origin of some of the Heralds?

    Brandon Sanderson

    ErmÖ Explain why you think it might be.

    Question

    Uh, well, Warbreaker--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mmhmm

    Question

    The use of BreathÖ

    Brandon Sanderson

    Uhuh

    Question

    It seems like they have similar strength to somebody who has extra Endowment

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay.

    Question

    So Iím wondering if they come from-- I canít remember the name..

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Heralds-- Youíre wondering if the Heralds come from Nalthis?

    Question

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Heralds do not come from Nalthis, but that is an excellent question.

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  • 35

    Question

    Have we ever seen the Physical embodiment of either Odium or Cultivation? Similar to what we saw with Ruin chasing...Vin?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So *pause* physical embodiment is kind of hard thing to define with Shards because you could argue that everything is a physical embodiment of them, does that make sense?

    Question

    Yes. I mean more a physical form that the uses share--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh okay, okay. So have you ever seen Odiumís? I donít believe youíve seen Odiumís.

    Question

    What about Cultivationís?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Cultivation is a RAFO.

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  • 36

    Question

    So burning prayers, is that so certain Shardís can hear whatís being said?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Iíll leave that one vague for now.

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  • 37

    Question

    For spren, when the Oaths are broken Iím kind of envisioning the mind of the spren gets trapped in that personís Spiritweb somehow. Is that along the right lines or not along the right lines?

    Brandon Sanderson

    *long pause* Ehhh, in between those two answers.

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  • 38

    Question

    Well you answered my question about Allomancers being able to burn metals in other realms--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Question

    --is that because the Shards are sort ofÖ My impression from the book was that the Shards were--in the Mistborn books--specifically in that area but is it because the universe is formed across all of them that that is why the metals--

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, most of the magics are not region-dependent, because the Spiritual Realm-- in the Spiritual Realm space doesnít exist. All things are the same distance from one another.

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  • 39

    Question

    Okay, so when Kelsier is in the-- Which Realm is he in?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Heís in the Cognitive Realm.

    Question

    Is he seeing people from other worlds or is he--

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, he meets some people who are traveling but Cognitive Realm is location dependent. He is on the Cognitive Realm on Scadrial and the people he runs into there-- until he kind of travels off into space, which is where he finds the fortress.

    Question

    So even though heís tied to Scadrial could he go to the Cognitive Realm of other worlds?

    Brandon Sanderson

    He would have trouble getting to another planet, being a Cognitive shadow like he was.

    Question

    So is there some particular thing that somebody would need to have to be able to move between the realms?

    Brandon Sanderson

    A body is helpful.

    Question

    That does make sense.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Depends on what their ties are and things like that. Not always, but yeah.

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  • 40

    Question

    What can you tell me about where spren come from?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Spren come from where everything in the world of Roshar comes from. The are a natural part of life there. They come from the same place rocks and the wind and all of that...

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  • 41

    Question

    Did you worry with Secret History that it was a bit too meta for people who had no ideaÖ

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, thatís why all the warnings are there. Itís kind of intended for the people--

    Question

    Yeah, fair enough.

    Brandon Sanderson

    --who want something, does that make sense? Like it isnít really-- it is a story, but it's not a real story, itís got weird narrative and things to it. It is there for those who really want to know.

    Question

    And Iím one of those people, I just have to wonder if you had no idea youíd be really confused through at least the first half.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes you would. But thatís why all the warnings are there.

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  • 42

    Question

    Was Adonalsium the one who created the cosmere universe as a whole?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is widely assumed to be the case.

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  • 43

    Question

    With The Reckoners you had to make the decision not to put it into your cosmere cosmology, was that a difficult one?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It was not difficult once I realized I did not want Earth to be part of everything else.

    Question

    If it had been would [CalamityDavid? have been a Shard of Adonalsium?]

    Brandon Sanderson

    Thatís an interesting question. Maybe.

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  • 44

    Question

    Secret History was cool, thank you for that. Do you plan to have a series of that?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If I can squeeze them in.

    Question

    Would they primarily be in the Cognitive Realm like this one?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Not always, theyíd just be behind the scenes stuff happening with characters who are more cosmere aware.

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  • 45

    Question

    Where Hoid and Frost some of the older humans created by Adonalsium?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You will find that out eventuallyÖ Frost is not a human.

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  • 46

    Question

    Is Yesteel on Roshar right now?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is a RAFO.

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  • 47

    Question

    Whoíd win, Vin or Kaladin?

    Brandon Sanderson

    On a battlefield Kaladin, off a battlefield probably Vin.

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  • 48

    Question

    If Kelsier hadnít died and became Emperor instead of Elend, how would he have ruled?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Poorly. He would have gotten bored pretty fast.

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  • 49

    Question

    If Vasher is on Roshar where the hell is Vivenna?

    Brandon Sanderson

    OOOOOH thatís a RAFO!

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  • 50

    rani

    Any kind of Investiture to make a Shardblade?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Not any but there are multiple methods. Some work better than others.

    rani

    Can you Forge a Shardblade?

    Brandon Sanderson

    UmÖ *sighs* To Forge a Shardblade, meaning make a regular sword through Forgery into a shardblade, would require so much Investiture itís like asking if we can make lead into gold using a particle accelerator. Yes but it's horribly, horribly, horribly inefficient.

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  • 51

    rani

    Hoid uses the term subastral, is that the term for a region of the Cognitive Realm, like Shadesmar is?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah. Itís like planet but-- Thatís his term for the different-- Because Shadesmar is all like one plane.

    rani

    So wait youíre saying subastral is different?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No subastral is a region of Shadesmar.

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  • 52

    Question

    Megan and Steelheart, what was the nature of their relationship? How did they know each other, meet each other?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Employer and an employee. More like high-level employer and very competent contractor.

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  • 53

    Question

    Can I get the name of a character we have not met yet?

    Brandon Sanderson

    *pause* who can I dredge upÖ The problem is I donít usually canonize them until Iím sitting and writing them. UhÖ *sound obscured*

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  • 54

    Question

    Say something is brought into the Cognitive Realm, and then the actual object is brought in through a portalÖ

    Brandon Sanderson

    Thatís a RAFO, good question.

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  • 55

    Question

    Who is the Lord Rulerís child/children?

    Brandon Sanderson

    People are searching a little too hard for this, he had several, they mixed with the population. There might be specific individuals who claim heirship and things like that but itís not like thereís one hidden person among the population, does that make sense? Even those who claim heirship may not have any more blood than a lot of other people. I think this is one where fans have latched onto it a little too strongly and I need to let them know they can back off, thereís not a big secret for them to be hunting.

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  • 56

    Question

    How is a new Feruchemist made?

    Brandon Sanderson

    What do you mean?

    Question

    Well you can make a new Mistborn by lerasium--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, okay. Other than through birth?

    Question

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Thatís a RAFO, good question though. Right now, as far as anyone knows, itís by birth only. But-- Well weíll leave it there. You know that the extra Preservation instead of Ruin had some effects on people on Scadrial.

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  • 57

    Question

    Youíve said that Shardís have intents, what about shard-planets, [...] pulls those shards to that planet?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, but itís not something Iím going to talk about for a long time.

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  • 58

    Question

    Speaking of intents, Investiture, and what Shards can see, hypothetically if Odium were to go to Scadrial would some things not be visible to him, like, say, metal?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Metal would be hard for him to see, yes.

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  • 59

    Question

    It feels like Roshar is-- has an essence, where itís like a prism, you can see all the rest of them, due to the nature of the Cognitive Realm and the sprenís ideas, Cognitive things coming to light. Have I spent too much time looking at the Shard?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, you are on the right path. Of all the things you noted, that one is the one that is perhaps the most important.

    Question

    The prism idea.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The idea that Roshar is special and a key on Shadesmar.

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  • 60

    Question

    In Secret History we learned a little about how the Cognitive Realm...could bleed into the Physical if the person was slightly broken.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Broken as Kelsierís term is not right, and he realizes that over the course of the book, but yeah.

    Question

    My thoughts were on Wayne, so he seems to notice--and it might just be kleptomania--a connection between items that makes him feel as if heís not stealing, just trading things for equal value. And Iím wondering if heís noticing something in the Cognitive-- in one of the other Realms that is actually noteworthy.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Heís just goofy.

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  • 61

    Question

    In Bands of Mourning we saw the medallions that can give people Connection to the area that they are in. Two thoughts on that. OneÖ if a person were to get a connection to one of the areas from Elantris would they be able to gain the powers from the area?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah thatís a good question, itís not that easy. But it is an excellent question.

    Question

    And if there was an area where the primary language was sign language, would a person gain the ability to speak sign language to the people present by using that connection?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. It is definitely related to the Cognitive Realm and how people are thinking about language.

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  • 62

    Question

    What happens when you Lash water, or a body of water?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Excellent question, itís going to have some hard time gripping on--

    Question

    Would it have a gravity well going on?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah it would have a gravity well, it think-- yeah. You are the first person to ask about that, I donít think even my assistant has asked about that. So thatís your tentative answer until I think about it some more, but I think it would.

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  • 63

    Question

    Whatís the upper limit of Lashing, is it Stormlight?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, itís-- Well define for me what you mean by upper limit?

    Question

    *audio obscured*

    Brandon Sanderson

    That would take a lot of Stormlight.

    Question

    [So itís something about the Stormlight?]

    Brandon Sanderson

    Definitely.

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  • 64

    Question

    The visitors in the Sixth of the Dusk, do I know who they are?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I havenít answered this for sure, but I have told people that it takes place in the future and is related to the rest of the cosmereÖ

    Question

    Do we know how soon weíll find out?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Itís a little ways off.

    Question

    Will it be the series the visitors are from [...]

    Brandon Sanderson

    Sixth of the Dusk is not going to be a series. You will see references to them elsewhere butÖ

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  • 65

    Question

    The worldjumpers in [Secret History] are they ones that have shown up in other books? And we just donít know their--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Question

    --names.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, theyíre only tangential in the other books. I think one of them has only shown up on screen once. The other oneís shown up a couple of times but mostly in certain annotations and things like that. In the books, like on the maps.

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  • 66

    Question

    At the end of Hero of Ages, thereís the--I forget what itís called, when the kandra all remove their Hemalurgic nails--and then I forget which character wakes up and just sees the blobs everywhere, and then after what everything that happens I donít really know what happened to the kandra after that.

    Brandon Sanderson

    They returned their spikes but that left them with holes in their memory.

    Question

    Who did? The survivors?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, the survivors.

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  • 67

    Question

    As of the current Wax and Wayne book [The Bands of Mourning] have we seen any Shards that have been Splintered that have recombined?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Have you seen any? No you have not. Good question.

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  • 68

    Question

    Have you ever considered doing a pronunciation guide for your characters?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I should do that, shouldnít I?

    Question

    It would help so much [...]

    Brandon Sanderson

    The thing about that is Iím kind of of the philosophy that however you do it in your head is the right version in your version of the story. Because the characters wonít look the same to everyone. Everyone imagines them differently, might as well say the names differently...

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  • 69

    Question

    If you were an Epic what would your powers be?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Truthfully it would be something like summoning books out of the air. But if I wanted one I would pick flying.

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  • 70

    Question

    Can you create a shardblade with Breath?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. Thatís what Nightblood is.

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  • 71

    Question

    How many magic systems are in The Stormlight Archive, and how many of them [have been seen?]

    Brandon Sanderson

    I would see the only major one you havenít seen is Voidbinding, it depends on how you count them. I count fabrials as one, Surgebinding as one, and Voidbinding as one. And then the Old Magic is kind of its own weird thing.

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  • 72

    Question

    With Nightblood coming in [to Words of Radiance] does that produce a magic system from a different book or does that stay separate?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It will stay separate.

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  • 73

    Question

    If you put a Line of Forbidding on a wall going up could it be stairs?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It could theoretically work but it would be like a magnet and push you off. Itíd be pretty hard to use.

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  • 74

    Question

    So what makes some spren rarer than others?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is not a question Iíve answered yet so you will find out someday perhaps.

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  • 75

    Question

    What would happen if the Kingís Wit, Wayne, and Mat Cauthon from these last three Wheel of Time books went into a room and locked it?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I think theyíd all like each other. And theyíd try to one-up each other, itíd be an epic [...]

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  • 76

    Question

    In Rithmatist, when Joel goes to see if heíll be chosen as a Rithmatist and the chalk outline thing comes out and looks at him. What was it thinking?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You will find out eventually.

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  • 77

    Question

    Could you draw a flying carpet with a glyph of rending so it could carry you, with a line of Forbiddance at the back--

    Brandon Sanderson

    I think thatís a little beyond what it could do.

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  • 78

    Question

    I was wondering what magic systems the Wit uses.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Wit uses a variety.

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  • 79

    Question

    Is Shardplate also made up of spren or is it different?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You get a RAFO card. It means youíre asking a good question but Iím not going to answer it.

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  • 80

    Question

    Do the Parshendi that ran away, do they eventually help?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Youíll have to find out. Those are all questions about the future books. Iím not going to answer questions about future books.

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  • 81

    Question

    Is there such a thing as a ranged Shardblade?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ranged Shardblade? There are those who are better at throwing theirs.

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  • 82

    Question

    What Shard is the opposite of Odium in the sense of the [board? Borg?]

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are several that could be considered opposite--

    Question

    I mean in the assimilation sense, youíve said that Odium doesnít want to absorb any of the other ones but which one would want to?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, which one would want to join with him?

    Question

    Or any of them.

    Brandon Sanderson

    *pause* I think that *long pause/picks up after next question* I think that if personalities had been different, Honor and Odium, there would have been a very natural pairing, not that theyíre opposites but they would have attracted.

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  • 83

    Question

    Do any of the Shards have psychoses?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Any of the people? Yes, we all have them.

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  • 84

    Question

    In Secret History we find out that when Kelsier had the power of Preservation, whenever he was near someone with cracks in their minds he would end up healing them up naturally, right? When he tried to--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Not heal them up but--

    Question

    The intent was that he would Preserve them, right? So my theory is that Snapping, when theyíre getting physically damaged their cracks are wider and wider and that it ends up Preservation, if they have a good Connection with Preservation or whatever randomly comes in those cracks. Am I anywhere along the right track?

    Brandon Sanderson

    This theory has merit.

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  • 85

    Question

    In the event that [...can people Snap off-Scadrial?]

    Brandon Sanderson

    Keep in mind that the Shards are mostly Spiritual [...] space and time do not matter to them. Time does, space does not.

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  • 86

    Question

    Can Vasher draw Breath from a highstorm?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I will answer that eventually... You know what, yes he can. Not Breath though, he can draw Investiture the way he needs it.

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  • 87

    Question

    Who were Kelsierís parents?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Kelsierís parents? I havenít talked much about Kelsierís parents [...] So he was raised in Noble society, unlike a lot of the half-breeds, he knew his nature, he getís his skaa half from his mother but they hid in plain sight. Like she pretended to be Noble.

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  • 88

    Question

    Is the two-way radio a fabrial?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No.

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  • 89

    Question

    Is Nightblood a minor Shard?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Nightblood is one of the most heavily Invested things in the cosmere that is not a Shard.

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  • 90

    Question

    Are any of the fish in the Purelake Invested?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The fish in the Purelake, like the Ryshadium and other things you will see, are not 100% normal.

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  • 91

    Question

    Has Wax drawn on the mists at some point?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

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  • 92

    Question

    When you are burning a Compounded metal are you getting the metalís effect and the stored power?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay, so when you are Compounding--

    Question

    Can you explain, Iím unclear on the Compounding.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Compounding is a way to hack the magic system so you can get a Feruchemical attribute out of-- basically powering Feruchemy with Allomancy. If that makes sense.

    Question

    So youíre not actually burning the metalmind?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Kind of? Thereís a big explanation on Reddit, if you send me an email I can link you to it, that steps you through exactly, easier than explaining it here.

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  • 93

    Question

    twinborn surgebinder?

    Brandon Sanderson

    possible but unlikely.

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  • 94

    Question

    So nicrosil. Wax couldnít use a blank gold metalmind because heís not a gold ferring, why can he use a blank nicrosil metalmind?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So this will all come out eventually but the idea is there are certain ways to connect yourself to the magic, to hack the magic and make it think you have the Spiritual DNA that you donít actually have. And this is one of the ways.

    Question

    And the people who made this medallion have this thing that a regular nicrosil Ferring couldnít--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, youíre picking up on it. Weíll dig deeper into it as the series progresses.

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  • 95

    Question

    What is the intent of the Seventeenth Shard?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That has not been revealed yet.

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  • 96

    Question

    Aluminum, when you burn aluminum, does it actually destroy the metals or just take away their power?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It destroys the metals.

    Question

    Same with chromium?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah.

    Question

    So it actually gets rid of the metals?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It actually trans-- It does a-- matter, energy, investiture are the same things in the cosmere. You have some sort of transfer happening relating to those things.

    Question

    The question sort of relates to metal poisoning--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, you would not get metal poisoning after that.

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  • 97

    Question

    Could a Leecher take away stores in a metalmind?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Youíll have to find out. Thatís a RAFO.

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  • 98

    Question

    We saw the broadsheet lady destroy--do something to--was that Nazh that was in the broadsheet?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, mmhmm. Iím not going to talk on that one. thatís a RAFO.

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  • 99

    Question

    So thereís Snapping on Scadrial, where an event happens and then you can use the magic. Is there something like Snapping on Roshar, where

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes and no. Theyíre working under the same sort of assumption, the spren are just looking for a specific thing that is similar to what Snapping does.

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