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Old 06-15-2016, 07:05 AM
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Default Cyber news

two very interesting bits of news today:

1) Net Neutrality wins in US

Quote:
Originally Posted by Washington Post
Net neutrality’ rules for fair internet access win in court

By Sam Hananel And Tali Arbel | AP

June 14 at 3:53 PM

WASHINGTON — A federal appeals court on Tuesday upheld the government’s “net neutrality” rules, preserving regulations that force internet providers such as Comcast and AT&T to treat all online traffic — everything from Netflix and cat videos to games and downloads — equally.

The 2-1 ruling is a sweeping victory for the Obama administration and the consumer groups and internet companies that have pushed net neutrality for years. The Federal Communications Commission’s rules block internet service providers from favoring their own services and disadvantaging others; blocking other sites and apps; and creating “fast lanes” for video and other data services that pay for the privilege.

On technical grounds, the ruling upholds the FCC’s authority to regulate broadband service as a utility, much like phone service, and to forbid what it considers unreasonable practices. It applies equally to wired broadband providers like cable companies and mobile ones such as Verizon.

TOUGHER REGULATION DOWN THE ROAD

The net neutrality rules have been in effect since June, and the court’s decision isn’t going to change how the internet works tomorrow. But the FCC has already been taking some steps that would change how broadband providers act. The ruling could pave the way for tougher restrictions on cable and phone companies that affect what services they offer, which consumer data they can use and how, and what they can charge.

The providers who filed the lawsuit say they’ll appeal.

“This decision is huge for the FCC’s authority,” said Marvin Ammori, a longtime net-neutrality advocate. “We won big on everything.” That sets the stage for what Ammori and several analysts see as the next big battle. That will likely involve “zero rating” — the practice of exempting preferred video services from customer data caps.

Comcast, for example, lets you can watch video at home with its Stream service with no danger of bumping against your data cap (if you have one). T-Mobile’s Binge On program lets you watch any video you want from Netflix and many other providers without counting it as data use. Net-neutrality advocates say these types of practices are unfair and tilt the market toward certain favored providers.

Other consequences are more difficult to gauge. Christopher Yoo, a professor of law, engineering and communications at the University of Pennsylvania, said the ruling could mean higher prices for some services, while providers might drop others altogether.

NET NEUTRALITY’S LONG SLOG

“I think everyone has to be shocked at the magnitude of the FCC victory,” said MoffettNathanson analyst Craig Moffett. But it was a long time coming.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit had previously struck down similar rules from the FCC — twice — although at the time the FCC based them on a different and more tenuous claim of legal authority.

The FCC shifted tactics and moved to treat broadband as a utility after President Barack Obama publicly urged the commission to protect consumers by doing so. Providers like Comcast, Verizon and AT&T said the resulting rules threaten innovation and undermine investment in broadband infrastructure.

The telecom industry made its case mainly on technical grounds. It argued that broadband is an “information service” and not a utility, because providers offer both internet access and services such as email. Under current law, information services are also exempt from net-neutrality regulation.

But the same court ruled that the FCC was justified in reclassifying broadband as a telecom utility because consumers see broadband as a pipe for internet service and a way to get online to use “third-party” services like Gmail and Netflix.

A SLAP AT BROADBAND PROVIDERS

“Given the tremendous impact third-party internet content has had on our society, it would be hard to deny its dominance in the broadband experience,” Judges David Tatel and Sri Srinivasan wrote in a 115-page majority opinion that denied all challenges to the rules.

“Over the past two decades, this content has transformed nearly every aspect of our lives, from profound actions like choosing a leader, building a career, and falling in love to more quotidian ones like hailing a cab and watching a movie,” the judges said. “The same assuredly cannot be said for broadband providers’ own add-on applications.”

In a lengthy dissent, Judge Stephen Williams wrote that the FCC “fails to offer a reasoned basis” for its view that giving preferential treatment to customers who pay for faster service is a problem. By regulating broadband service like “natural monopolies,” Williams said the FCC provides “little economic space for new firms seeking market entry or relatively small firms seeking expansion through innovations.”

Tatel and Srinivasan were appointed by Democratic presidents — Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, respectively. Williams was appointed by Ronald Reagan.

WHAT HAPPENS NEXT

Opponents of the ruling are already calling on Congress to restrict its reach, but experts say it’s unlikely such a law would pass before the election.

“We have always expected this issue to be decided by the Supreme Court, and we look forward to participating in that appeal,” said David McAtee, AT&T senior executive vice president and general counsel, in a statement posted on the company’s website.

FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler praised the ruling as an affirmation of the government’s power to keep the internet open for all consumers.

“After a decade of debate and legal battles, today’s ruling affirms the commission’s ability to enforce the strongest possible internet protections —both on fixed and mobile networks — that will ensure the internet remains open, now and in the future,” Wheeler said.
I know that in EU similar discussions are ongoing, but there the emphasis is right now on trying to end geoblocking and roaming fees at least within the EU. There are some general guidelines on net neutrality that all member states must comply with; but that's more of a minimum requirement, some countries do just the minimum, some go a bit further etc.



2) it's official: 2nd Cold War has started. A while ago. NATO confirms Cyber as a defence dimension next to Land, Air, Sea and Space

Quote:
Originally Posted by Wall Street Journal

NATO Recognizes Cyberspace as New Frontier in Defense
Move to open debate on use of new weaponry to defend computer networks

By
Julian E. Barnes


Updated June 14, 2016 3:15 p.m. ET

BRUSSELS—Allied defense ministers formally recognized cyberspace as a domain of warfare on Tuesday, an acknowledgment that modern battles are waged not only in air, sea and land, but also on computer networks.

The move comes the same day as the Democratic National Committee announced its computers had been hacked by the Russian government. DNC officials said the hackers made off with its opposition research related to Donald Trump, the presumptive Republican nominee for President.

The effort is designed to bolster allies’ cyberdefenses, but also will begin a debate over whether NATO should eventually use cyberweapons that can shut down enemy missiles and air defenses or destroy adversaries’ computer networks.

After the meeting of NATO defense ministers to approve the move, Jens Stoltenberg, the NATO secretary-general, said it was impossible to imagine a military conflict today without a cyber dimension.

“This is important to all possible conflicts we can foresee,” he said.

Mr. Stoltenberg declined to address the suspected cyberhack on the Democratic National Committee by the Russian government, and wouldn’t name any potential cyber adversaries, noting that NATO’s cyberdefenses weren’t aimed at any one country. U.S. and allied officials have previously said Russia remains the greatest cyberthreat to the alliance.

Developing capabilities to more quickly attribute responsibility for cyberintrusions and cyberattacks is a priority for the alliance, Mr. Stoltenberg said.

“One of the challenge when it comes to cyber is it is not easy to tell who is attacking you,” he said.

The decision by the ministers will allow the alliance to better coordinate its cyberspace efforts and defenses, Mr. Stoltenberg said.

“This is about developing our abilities and capabilities to protect NATO cyber networks but also to help and assist nations in defending their cyber networks,” he said.

For now, the alliance is focused on defending its own secure networks and helping allies build their cyberdefenses.

Tuesday’s announcement to recognize cyberspace as new sphere of conflict or battleground constitutes a bit of catch-up by the alliance. The U.S. military, for example, has expanded its cyber command, improved its training and developed weaponry and defenses to deploy in cyberspace.

The change comes as the number of cyberattacks against the alliance and member states has been increasing, a senior NATO official said.

By making cyber a warfare domain, NATO will open the door to stepped up military planning, dedicate more officers to cyber operations and better integrate electronic warfare into its military exercises.

Two years ago, at the previous summit in Wales, NATO leaders announced a cyberattack on one ally could trigger the alliance’s collective defense provisions.

Under NATO’s founding treaty, each ally primarily has responsibility for its own defense. But NATO officials acknowledge that the alliance is only as strong as its weakest link, which makes helping nations improve their cyber capabilities a priority.

As part of efforts to counter so-called hybrid warfare threats, the use of covert forces to stir unrest or make military gains, NATO has been pushing member countries to improve their cyberdefenses.

Russia has made cyber and electronic warfare a key part of its military operations. U.S. and allied officials said that Russia has demonstrated its willingness to use such techniques to interfere with the military capabilities of its opponents in Ukraine. Russia denies it is involved militarily in Ukraine.

U.S. officials have said countering Russia’s improving militarily capabilities—such as its advanced missiles and air defenses in the Kaliningrad exclave on the border of Poland and Lithuania—could require cyber capabilities.

“Russia has sophisticated cyber capabilities,” said Vaidotas Urbelis, the defense policy director for the Lithuania ministry of defense. “But, come on, NATO nations have invested a lot in cyber and we have the capacity to defend ourselves.”

On Monday, Douglas Lute, the U.S. ambassador to NATO said cyber operations could be a key part of the alliance’s defense against stepped up Russian advances in anti-access weaponry.

“A networked air defense system can be jammed. It can be disrupted by way of cyber techniques,” Mr. Lute said.

A discussion of additional NATO cyber capabilities—or offensive capabilities—is likely to wait until after the conclusion of the alliance summit in Warsaw next month.

The alliance lags well behind its most militarily advanced members, including the U.S. and Britain, in developing its cyber capabilities. In any potential conflict, the alliance would need to rely on the U.S. and its use of cyber weaponry.

“We welcome the decision to recognize cyber as a domain,” said British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon, adding the U.K. has committed some $2 billion for its own cyberdefenses and capabilities.

The U.S. Army has been increasing its cyberdefense training at its training centers in the U.S. and Europe. A pilot program begun last year has aimed embedding “cyber elements” with tactical units.

“We know a variety of countries have increasing cyber capabilities that can interfere with your communications, your global position and navigating systems, your targeting systems,” said a U.S. defense official.
Well. If nothing else, this is good news for Estonia - the NATO Cyberdefence Center is in Estonia. Therefore it is unthinkable (I HOPE) for the alliance to just go "ummmm, no" if Estonia were ever attacked physically. It's just too strategically important to allow it ever be taken over by a hostile force.
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Old 06-15-2016, 11:18 AM
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First point is really good news. I'd given up on that fight.

Second point is not so good news, but not a huge surprise.
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Old 06-15-2016, 11:26 AM
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The alliance lags well behind its most militarily advanced members, including the U.S. and Britain, in developing its cyber capabilities.
NATO doesn't even have 8 inch floppy disks, yet?

As an aside, I'm now somewhat curious as to how Britain handles the cyber side of nuclear security.
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Old 06-15-2016, 12:53 PM
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NATO doesn't even have 8 inch floppy disks, yet?

As an aside, I'm now somewhat curious as to how Britain handles the cyber side of nuclear security.
Probably quite similarly to us...since we basically gave them their nuclear warheads back in the day and we've always been joined at the hip in the overall SIOP plans with their missile subs having a small but crucial part of our overall response to any sort of war. The alliance between the UK and US is very close...closer than any other alliance in our history as a nation and it goes way above and beyond our NATO obligations. Canada, UK and US are almost an inner alliance that goes before NATO when it comes to our cooperation with each other. For example, we give both those nations access to far more sensitive intel/classified material than we ever would just a NATO ally.
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Old 06-15-2016, 06:50 PM
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Probably quite similarly to us...since we basically gave them their nuclear warheads back in the day and we've always been joined at the hip in the overall SIOP plans with their missile subs having a small but crucial part of our overall response to any sort of war. The alliance between the UK and US is very close...closer than any other alliance in our history as a nation and it goes way above and beyond our NATO obligations. Canada, UK and US are almost an inner alliance that goes before NATO when it comes to our cooperation with each other. For example, we give both those nations access to far more sensitive intel/classified material than we ever would just a NATO ally.
Don't forget the Aussies and Kiwis. They're part of that alliance as well. Something about the "English Speaking Alliance" or something. So, even if, for some reason, NATO goes under, that alliance will still hold up.

Plus, Japan and South Korea most likely.
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Old 06-15-2016, 08:17 PM
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Yeah they used to call it FIVE EYES...for those 5 English speaking nations.

Yeah the ROK and Japanese alliances pretty much stem out of the defunct SEATO alliance back in the day and the idea is much the same...containment of China in the Pacific.

Same reason we've been cozying up to Vietnam lately and reengaging the Philippines after a 20-25 year cool period.
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Old 06-16-2016, 03:10 AM
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With the Philippines it may also help that you're now getting a tame dictator in place again, instead of those pesky democratically inclined freedom-mongers there have been since Marcos was overthrown.
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Old 06-16-2016, 07:55 AM
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With the Philippines it may also help that you're now getting a tame dictator in place again, instead of those pesky democratically inclined freedom-mongers there have been since Marcos was overthrown.
Yeah, its good to get rid of that democratically elected gov't that kicked us out of Subic Bay and Clark AF Base back in the early 1990s. Huge blow to our presence in the region at the time.
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Old 06-17-2016, 01:39 AM
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Originally Posted by DahLliA View Post
First point is really good news. I'd given up on that fight.
it is, isn't it?

Quote:
Second point is not so good news, but not a huge surprise.
true. It was de facto valid already, but it really needed an actual statement. Cyber attacks can cause HUGE damage and they are very hard to track. But they can and should be countered. It's not just NATO though, UN also needs to recognize the danger of cyber attacks to civilian population and count them as war crimes (well, with gradations, of course.)

As for NATO falling apart, well. I hope not. But there are preparations ongoing. Scandinavia including Finland and Sweden which aren't part of NATO now, and the three Baltics, Poland, Denmark Norway and Iceland which are part of NATO will band together. Probably with Great Britain, the Netherlands and Germany as close allies.

As for Russia... *sigh* there's a lot of sabre rattling going on, on both sides. Yes, Russia is aggressive and scary and quite likely to attack another one of its neighbours soon. But, Russia's also in a rather tight spot geopolitically. Nobody (outside of Russia) believes any of Putin's promises of peace and prosperity any more, so trade is very hard. While the overall balance is still in surplus, the data for April 2016 shows the continuation of a sharp decline - linky here. China is becoming more and more advanced and has in fact long overtaken Russia in terms of prosperity and military prowess. Oil and natural gas resources are going to be drying up at some point and there's not much else being developed as an industry in Russia. Except for hackers and hooligans.
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